The pattern named " SHIIKUNSHI " (Four gentlemen). The pattern's meaning has a story in the Asian Culture. From old China, " The Four Gentlemen " is a term used to refer to four specific subjects (orchid, bamboo, plum blossom, chrysanthemum) which are traditionally some of the first subjects the student of Chinese ink brush painting learns. Each subject focuses on a different brush technique and lays down the brushstroke foundation. They also represent four seasons and four desirable personality traits.
They are called "Gentlemen" because in the Confucian way of thinking, desirable personality traits were gentlemanly qualities. Womanly qualities were not a consideration. The orchid represented summer and noble virtue. The bamboo symbolized winter and also strength, i. The plum blossom was spring, and the white blossoms signified character.
And, finally, the chrysanthemum represented autumn as well as modesty, and loyalty. The Four Gentlemen have been used in Chinese ink brush painting since the Song Dynasty (960 - 1279). They were later also used by artists in Korea, Japan, and Vietnam. The item "Antique Vintage STAMPED ANDO CLOISONNE COMPANY REPOUSSE 10 Red Bloody Vase JAPAN" is in sale since Tuesday, January 7, 2020.
This item is in the category "Collectibles\Cultures & Ethnicities\Asian\1900-Now\Japanese\Vases & Jars". The seller is "sodfa10" and is located in Columbus, Ohio. This item can be shipped to United States.